Adolescents have an important role in the development of a nation, because healthy adolescents are an investment in the future. One of the health problems that become a burden on adolescents, especially young women, is anemia. Anemia is a condition characterized by a lack of red blood cells in the body, causing fatigue, tiredness, lethargy and impacting the patient’s productivity. In addition, young women who experience anemia are at greater risk of giving birth to low birth weight (LBW) babies and stunting (Sartika et al., 2021). The prevalence of anemia in adolescents in Indonesia is quite high, at 32% (Riskesdas, 2018). Therefore, the prevention and control of anemia in young women is a health problem that is focused on by the government.
Anemia is a blood disorder condition defined by a lack of red blood cells in the body or the red blood cells can not function properly. This condition causes the body not getting enough oxygen. Anemia is a serious global health problem. Based on WHO, anemia still affects 42% of children aged <5 years and 40% of pregnant women. Symptoms that are often experienced by people with anemia are easily tired, easily drowsy, dizziness, and pale face. The most common cause of anemia is a lack of nutrients, such as vitamin B12, folate, vitamin A, and iron.