Nowadays, the rapid development of science and technology is felt in various sectors, including nutrition and health. The concept of a medical paradigm through a predictive, preventive, personal, and participatory approach can manage and support a specific health status for individuals. Personalized nutrition is a basic concept that shows everyone has a different metabolism, genetics, biochemistry, and microbiota that contribute to the body’s response to nutritional intake. Therefore, the concept of personalized nutrition applies multidisciplinary, such as nutrition, medicine, biology, epigenetics, and genomics to demonstrate the relationship of individual variation to a disease risk.
Recently people are familiar and connected with the science and technology development especially in the health area. In health area, technology has been widely used in such areas as communication, education, and health management. Besides that, technology has also been widely used for diet management, food nutrition database, and anthropometrics measurements. Technological applications in the field of nutrition have now entered a “genomic era” that relates to the development of nutrigenetic. Nutrigenetic is science that studies the interaction between the genetic impact and nutrition in specific individuals. The relationship between genes and individual nutrition intake is specifically known by the term personalized nutrition. The term has broken the old approach called “one size fit all” which means the nutritional needs are united for everyone.
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) are any type of drinks that are sweetened with added sugars, such as brown sugar, corn sweetener, corn syrup, dextrose, fructose, glucose, high-fructose corn syrup, honey, lactose, malt syrup, maltose, raw sugar, and sucrose (1,6). This includes, but are not limited to, regular soda, fruit drinks, sports drinks, energy drinks, sweetened waters, also coffee and tea beverages with added sugars (1). SSB usually contains high calories but it will not make you feel as full as if you had eaten the same calories from solid food. There is a research (2) that explained about sugar content of SSB per serving of product in Indonesia by sampling 91 SSB products from a popular convenience store. On an average, the amount of sugar per serving was 22.8 g or 86.3 g/1000 ml. Sugar in sports drinks had the highest contribution to energy of products (93.33%).
The case of the Omicron variant of COVID-19 is still the main case in Indonesia. On February 19, 2022, known daily cases reached 59.384, higher than last year’s peak of Delta’s daily cases of 56.757. However, the Ministry of Health stated that there was a decrease in daily confirmed cases of 10.900 on February 20 from the previous day, and active cases slowed slightly with the addition of 15.448 per day. Nevertheless, the government continues to make efforts to prevent the COVID-19 pandemic by increasing the complete vaccination program and booster doses. If someone has received the second dose within a minimum period of six months, it is strongly recommended to get a booster vaccination (Kemenkes, 2022). Several studies have shown that booster vaccines are considered to be more effective in preventing transmission of the Omicron variant of COVID-19 than the Delta variant (Omer and Malani, 2022).
COVID-19 daily cases in Indonesia will continue to climb due to the omicron variant’s transmission, approaching the delta variant’s peak in mid-2021. The daily adding positive confirmation of 55,209 cases on February 13, 2022. According to WHO (2022), the omicron variant has higher infection rates but a mortality rate lower than a delta variant. The Director of Infectious Disease Prevention and Control of The Health Ministry Indonesia predicted the peak of the COVID-19 variant omicron case in early March 2022. Therefore, communities need to increase preventive measures in the COVID -19 infection by guarding medical protocol, performing booster vaccinations, and increasing body immunity.
YOGYAKARTA-Center for Health and Human Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada has conducted an online training about disaster preparedness on nutrition. The 2 hours meeting is held from July 16th to August 28th 2021, every Friday and Saturday with a total of 10 main sessions and one additional session. There are 20 participants, consisting of lecturers from various institutions and public health offices’ staff.
This training is important to give prior knowledge to the participants about disaster management and the critical role of nutrition during disasters. Even before the COVID-19 hits Indonesia, this country is already prone to natural disasters. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reported that more than 1,000 disasters happened across the country, from January to August 2021. Mostly were landslides, earthquakes, floods, volcano eruptions, and others. Since 2020 when the COVID-19 pandemic becoming a national disaster, the Indonesian capabilities in disaster management are put to test. Many higher education institutions and public health offices pay more attention to disaster preparedness. The committee targeted those audiences, to help and create a collaborative atmosphere between academic institutions, experts, health offices, and other sectors to build better disaster management on nutrition.
YOGYAKARTA– Center for Human Health and Nutrition (PKGM), FK-KMK, Universitas Gadjah Mada held an Intensive Online Molecular Nutrition Training “Design and Analysis in Nutrigenomic Research”. This activity will be held online from Tuesday, August 10, 2021 to Thursday, August 12, 2021, and is attended by 19 participants.
Nutrigenomics is a science that has developed a lot and is manifested in personalized dietary recommendations (personalized nutrition). Even so, the development of nutrigenomic science must also continue. One of the efforts that can be done is to continue to improve the quality of research related to nutrigenomics. The existence of research that is integrated with the latest design, technique, and analysis is expected to improve the quality of the development of nutrigenomic science. The existence of this training is expected to help researchers, nutritionists, dietitians, and other parties in understanding design and analysis in nutrigenomics research.
YOGYAKARTA-The Health Promoting University (HPU) Team of the Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing (FK-KMK) in collaboration with the Center for Human Health and Nutrition (PKGM), FK-KMK, Universitas Gadjah Mada, held a mini webinar and limited discussion entitled Food Management at Self-Isolation Shelters for COVID-19 patients. The event was held via Zoom on Saturday, August 21st, 2021, at 09.00-11.30 WIB and attended by 61 participants.
The incidence of COVID-19 in Indonesia are increasing. Even in July 2021, the incidence rate is the highest in the world. It is followed up by the government emergency response by implementing partial lockdown (PPKM) in Java-Bali Island. There are high burdens for hospitals and other health facilities across the Island that the government have to seek for an alternative. The authorities recommend all COVID-19 patients with mild symptoms to self-quarantine in their homes. However, not all houses meet the standard for self-isolation considering the dense population in both islands. It was often the patients did not well monitored and worsen their condition, even led to death. The government, together with the private and other parties, built shelters specified for isolation. This, however, brings other issues regarding the quality of service. Not all isolation shelters worker are well equipped. Especially their ability to manage nutritious and healthy foods for the patients. We would like to answer this challenge and bring the limited discussion between the expert in nutrition who have the experience for COVID-19 patients’ food management and food coordinators in isolation shelters in Yogyakarta Province.
On Saturday, July 10, 2021, PKGM has held a webinar with the title “Utilizing Routine Data to Overcome Nutritional Problems in Indonesia” via Zoom. This activity was enthusiastically welcomed by the participants.
The resource persons are experts and panelists in the field of public health and routine health data, including Prof. Dr. dr. Masrul, M.Sc, SpGK from Andalas University; Dakhlan Choeron, SKM, MKM from the Directorate of Community Nutrition, Ministry of Health, Republic of Indonesia; dr. Tiara Marthias, MPH, PhD from PKMK FK-KMK UGM; Dr. Siti Helmyati, DCN, M.Kes from PKGM FK-KMK UGM; and Insan Rekso Adiwibowo from PKMK Fk-KMK UGM. These resource persons are also actors who play a role in the eMonev Nutrition and MCH which will be held in 2020.
“Regular data is our precious treasure,” said Prof. Dr. dr. Masrul, MSc, SpGK in the webinar. Obviously, routine data is a source of information that can be used for analysis of the situation in each region, and can be used for the formation of appropriate policies. In addition, the central government also needs to play a role in mapping the situation in the regions.
According to Dakhlan Choeron, SKM, MKM, in determining the right nutrition intervention to address nutritional problems, we need to know who, where, and how the intervention is targeted. The information is only obtained from surveillance data or routine data, not from survey data. Routine health and nutrition data does have various issues, one of which is data validity. However, we must begin to dare to use routine data for decision-making so that there is improvement and improvement in the quality of routine data.
On the same occasion, dr. Tiara Marthias, MPH, Ph.D., Dr. Siti Helmyati, DCN, M.Kes, and Insan Rekso Adiwibowo, MSc explained the experience of conducting eMonev Nutrition and MCH (Maternal and Child Health) in 2020. This activity utilizes Komdat data for MCH and ePPGBM for Nutrition in conducting an analysis of the situation in various regions in the nutrition and MCH program before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. MCH and Nutrition dashboards were also featured in the webinar. The dashboard serves to show the results of the situation analysis that has been carried out by the district/city health office during eMonev and provides a visualization so that all parties, including the layman in health matters, can know the results of the eMonev carried out.
“There are many things that can be reflected from last year’s eMonev activities,” said dr. Tiara Marthias, MPh, Ph.D. Through this reflection, we are expected to be able to implement better and optimal use of routine health and nutrition data and can start using routine data for health and nutrition planning and policy management.
Yogyakarta, Center for Human Health and Nutrition (PKGM), Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with Gizi Gama held an Intensive Online Training with the theme “Nutrigenetic Applications for Nutritionists and Dietitians” on March 17, 2021, to April 10, 2021 (Every Wednesday & Saturday) online via Zoom. This event was attended by 54 participants from hospitals, clinics, universities, and private institutions. The activity takes place from 09.00 – 11.00 WIB for each meeting by presenting resource persons Harry Freitag Luglio Muhammad, S.Gz, M.Sc, RD as Founder of Gizi Gama and Lecturer of the Department of Health Nutrition FK-KMK UGM.